At your annual well-woman exam, you may be surprised to discover that you have ovarian cysts. Dr. Joan Hazel Calinisan, Dr. Frances S. Kim, and Dr. Nerissa C. Safie at Trinity Women’s Health help you learn more about your cysts and decide whether they need treatment or not. Trinity Women’s Health is the only OB/GYN center in Murrieta, California with an all-female medical team and staff. If you live in Murrieta, Loma Linda, Rancho Springs, or the Inland Valley regions, contact the friendly, helpful Trinity office team or book an ovarian cyst consultation online.
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that grows in or on your ovary. You can have a single cyst or multiple cysts that affect just one or both ovaries. Ovarian cysts are very common — particularly in your childbearing years — and are usually benign.
Some ovarian cysts are functional, which means they occur as part of your monthly cycle. Functional cyst types include follicle cysts -- follicle sac that houses developing egg and doesn’t open to release it -- and corpus luteum cysts (burst follicle cell collects liquid). Functional cysts usually disappear on their own within a few weeks to months.
Non-functional cysts arise without being stimulated by an egg’s development. Non-functional cysts are part of a syndrome called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Cancer causes some non-functional cysts. If you’re in menopause, your nonfunctional cysts are more likely to be cancerous.
Most of the time, ovarian cysts don’t cause symptoms. Large cysts can cause symptoms such as:
Symptoms of a ruptured cyst or twisted ovary that require emergency treatment include:
Dr. Calinisan, Dr. Kim, and Dr. Safie recognize that most ovarian cysts resolve on their own. In these instances, they recommend “watchful waiting,” where they monitor your cysts with regular ultrasound studies to see if the cysts grow or cause symptoms.
If your cysts are large or cause pain, they may recommend hormone therapy. To ameliorate severe symptoms or lessen the chance of a cyst bursting or twisting your ovary, your Trinity OB/GYN removes them surgically. Dr. Calinisan, Dr. Kim, and Dr. Safie choose minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery whenever possible.
When you’re in menopause and still have ovarian cysts, the cysts have a higher likelihood of being or becoming cancerous. Your OB/GYN surgeon may use a larger incision and laparotomy to remove large cysts and other involved organs. If your cysts are cancerous, she recommends you to a trusted oncologist for treatment.
If you have or suspect you have ovarian cysts, phone or book an appointment at Trinity Women’s Health today.